Nuclear energy is one of the lowest CO2-emitting energies in the world, with emissions comparable to wind power (12g/kWh), 4 times lower than solar power, and 40 times lower than gas. Its very small CO2 footprint makes it an indispensable energy
for the low-carbon energy transition. Since electricity generation in the world is currently the leading source of CO2 emission due to the use of fossil energies (coal and gas), climate specialists recommend increasing the proportion of low-carbon energies
in electricity generation from 30% to more than 80% by 2050. Renewable energies (solar, wind) are by nature intermittent and cannot alone meet the existing and future energy needs of the planet’s 8 billion people. Consequently, nuclear energy and
renewables must be considered together to sustain the low-carbon energy transition and meet France’s pledge to fight global warming.